The Pennsylvania Senate has approved an amended version of a major transportation spending bill.
House Bill 1060 was returned to the state House of Representatives for concurrence Wednesday by a vote of 43-7.
A final vote in the House is expected Thursday.
The bill would raise gasoline taxes and driver fees to spend $2.3 billion a year more on roads, bridges and mass transit systems.
The proposal is supported by Governor Tom Corbett and others who say Pennsylvania's transportation infrastructure is in critical need of improvements.
Opponents say it will increase fuel taxes by 28 cents per gallon and amount to the second-largest tax increase in Pennsylvania history.
The legislation calls for the elimination of the 12 cents per gallon state liquid fuels tax assessed at the retail level, with adjustments to the millage rate of the Oil Company Franchise Tax to offset the elimination.
The cap on the Oil Company Franchise Tax, $1.25 per gallon since 1983, would be incrementally eliminated over a period of five years to $2.99 in 2017.
Registration fees for passenger cars, pickup trucks, motorcycles, antique and collectable cars would go up an average of a couple of dollars, while registration fees for the largest trucks and truck-tractors would increase incrementally from $1,687.50 to $2,244 in 2017.
The cost of a personal registration plate would be increased from $20 to $76, and the price of certain special fund plates would jump from $35 to $54.
Fees for obtaining a state police record of an accident report would go up from $5 to $22, and the fee for an identification card would increase from $5 to $19 plus the cost of the photograph.
The fee for issuing a certificate of title would go up from $22.50 to $50, and drivers restoring their operating privileges after their license is suspended or revoked would pay $70, up from the current fee of $25.
Drivers who fail to obey Pennsylvania driving laws would pay higher fines, as existing surcharges on certain violations would be increased.
The bill also includes language to increase the speed limit on interstate highways and the Turnpike to 70 miles per hour, and registration stickers would no longer be issued.