(STACKER) — It is estimated that the honey bee’s annual contribution to the United States economy is at least $15 billion. Beyond the profitable products and byproducts harvested directly from honey bee colonies such as honey, wax, propolis, and royal jelly, more than 90 different crops—about one-third of total crop production in the U.S.—are dependent upon these prolific pollinators for their survival and prosperity.
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A world without bees would be bleak; there would be less food for human consumption, less variety among the fruits, vegetables, and nuts that remain, and the impacts of their absence would ripple throughout the food web. While the dystopian future is distant, honey bees are nonetheless under threat. Loss of habitat, diseases like Colony Collapse Disorder, herbicides, pesticides, and parasites like the aptly named varroa destructor mite are all contributing, often in concert, to high rates of colony decline across the country.
Between 2020 and 2021, beekeepers lost about 45% of their managed honey bee colonies. The expected or acceptable rate of colony turnover due to natural environmental factors such as winter weather is 20%.
Stacker compiled statistics on honey bee populations in Pennsylvania using the most recent annual data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. So far in 2022, colonies are down by 22% according to the most recent data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Beekeepers, researchers, and scientists take great care to mitigate managed colony loss by moving honey bees seasonally, feeding them sugar water when flowers are not in bloom to prevent die-off, renovating or requeening colonies when a queen bee dies, and expanding existing colonies to keep them healthy and productive. Still, there is little improvement year-over-year, according to colony data.
The dystopian world without bees is not imminent, but the battle for their protection and prosperity is an uphill one.
Honey bee population health in Pennsylvania
– Maximum total colonies, April-June 2022: 24,000
— 4.3% increase since 2021, #22 biggest increase nationally
– Lost colonies, April-June 2022: 730
— 63.5% decrease since 2021
– Added colonies, April-June 2022: 7,000
— 0.0% increase since 2021
– Renovated colonies, April-June 2022: 2,300
— 14.8% decrease since 2021
States with the largest increase in honey bee colonies from 2021 to 2022
#1. Missouri: 118.8% increase
#2. Arkansas: 76.0% increase
#3. Louisiana: 48.3% increase
#4. Mississippi: 34.3% increase
#5. North Carolina: 30.4% increase
States with the largest decrease in honey bee colonies from 2021 to 2022
#1. Kansas: 38.8% decrease
#2. Illinois: 26.9% decrease
#3. Wyoming: 23.3% decrease
#4. Indiana: 23.1% decrease
#5. Colorado: 22.0% decrease